Gum disease also known as periodontal disease and periodontitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the tissues surrounding a tooth, and is the leading cause of tooth loss.
Gingivitis is a bacterial infection of the tissues in the mouth and potential precursor of gum disease.
Once gum disease sets in, the toxins produced by the bacteria damage the teeth connective tissue and bone, effectively destroying them and fostering tooth loss.
The signs of gum disease:
Here are some common signs of gum disease you can look for:
- Bleeding gums during tooth brushing or otherwise.
- Sensitive, red, swollen gums.
- Bad breath.
- Teeth that are loose or appear to have shifted.
Cause of Gum disease:
There are a number of causes of gum disease each of which can be corrected and controlled. The causes of gum disease include:
- Improper dental hygiene.
- Organic changes in the mouth (metabolism and hormone levels,ex:period of pregnancy).
- Medical conditions.
- Kidney disease.
- Heart attack.
- Saliva flow inhibitors.
- Poor functional habits teeth grinding or clenching.